Endangered Heritage: Historical Landmarks on the Brink of Disappearance

By Krystal Brown

With climate change on the increase and tourism at its peak, we look at these historical sites that may not remain as long as we imagine.

The Sphinx

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The Sphinx has stood guard over the Giza Plateau for millennia. However, the historic limestone face of the building is constantly being eroded by wind and sandstorms. The difficulties posed by nature continue to be unrelenting despite continued efforts to maintain and repair this famous monument.

The Leaning Tower Of Pisa

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The Leaning Tower of Pisa, famous for its famous tilt, is not only an incredible piece of architecture but also a testament to the tenacity of the past. Growing worries about the tower’s structural safety are raised by its ongoing lean, which is caused by unstable base soil.

Easter Island Heads

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Easter Island’s enigmatic monuments are running out of time. They are simultaneously threatened by unforeseen effects of climate change and coastal erosion. According to TimeOut, “Flooding and beach erosion are then forcing the Moai to be dragged away from their foundations, which might ultimately lead the monuments to either partially or collapse.”


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The combined forces of nature and human lifestyles threaten Stonehenge, a monument of ancient genius. The long-term survival of these stone giants is in jeopardy due to acid rain, rising tourism, and natural erosion, which calls for worldwide attention and preservation.

The Colosseum

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The Colosseum, located in the center of Rome, is a monument of ancient engineering. But it’s not invincible. Preservationists are concerned about structural problems caused by pollution, urban tremors, and the demands of mass tourism.

The Ancient Great Wall Of China

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The Great Wall, which spans hundreds of kilometers, is subject to several dangers. This natural treasure is threatened by human activity, unauthorized development, natural erosion, and the sheer volume of tourists. Preservationists are looking for methods to preserve its magnificence for the future.


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Pompeii, which was once submerged by volcanic fury, today battles new adversaries including erosion, human carelessness, and the relentless footfalls of international tourists. International collaboration is needed to preserve the stories of this time-frozen city for future generations.

Cathedral Of Notre-Dame

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The tragic fire in 2019 highlighted the Cathedral’s vulnerabilities. Beyond that horrific incident, pollution, climatic changes, and urban issues continue to pose a threat to this Gothic masterpiece. Comprehensive repair and upkeep are crucial.

Machu Picchu

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Machu Picchu, which stands in the Andes, is amazing. It is, however, in danger. Landslides pose a serious threat since they are impacted by both natural phenomena and the strain of growing tourism.

According to the Barcelona Field Studies Centre, “the site is gradually being destroyed by tourists’ feet.” The authors also note that “Machu Picchu is situated among steep hills that are continually being destroyed by torrential downpours, and landslides.”

The Giza Pyramids

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Beyond their enigmatic past, the Pyramids now face very modern problems. These historic treasures might become unstable because of urban growth, air pollution, and changes in the subsurface water table. In a race against time, conservationists are working to safeguard them.

Chichén Itzá

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The Chichén Itzá Mayan ruins are located in the center of the Yucatán Peninsula. However, environmental stresses and overtourism present constant challenges. Proactive actions are essential to protect its legacy because it is already displaying signs of deterioration.

The Dead Sea

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The Dead Sea’s unique ecology is disappearing quickly. Its deterioration is made worse by water disruptions and mineral mining. This natural wonder needs immediate global collaboration for restoration and preservation.

Christ The Redeemer

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The famous statue, which overlooks Rio de Janeiro, struggles with deterioration brought on by nature and the perils of its hilly location. This guardian of faith and culture needs routine upkeep and defense against future landslides.

Ayutthaya, Thailand

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The Ayutthaya ruins, which are located in Thailand, are subject to ferocious floods and unrelenting erosion. These ruins of a once-thriving monarchy need a coordinated plan for conservation and restoration.

The Alamo

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The old limestone walls of the Alamo are being strained. The site’s preservation becomes more difficult as climate patterns change and urban pollution rises.

Rushmore Mountain

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The renowned faces of Mount Rushmore, which were sculpted into the Black Hills, now struggle against erosive and weathering processes. To preserve this memorial to American history, environmentalists must take action.

Athens’ Parthenon

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The Parthenon in Athens is majestic but not invincible. This ancient Greek symbol needs constant maintenance and attention as it faces dangers from acid rain, modern pollutants, and probable seismic activity.

Islands Of Galápagos

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This area of high biodiversity is under attack. Threats to the Galápagos Islands include invasive species and climate change. Furthermore, according to WWF, “overfishing and illegal commercial fishing are significant risks to the islands’ fragile marine ecosystem.” 

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